As news spread of his death late last year, Nelson Mandela, the revered anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician and human rights activist, was unequivocally heralded as a moral leader and a testament to the power of perseverance.

While taking inspiration from his extraordinary story, I found many examples of emotionally-intelligent entrepreneurial evangelism. Mandela's tumultuous  rise from lawyer to revolutionary to detainee to President and global leader is a remarkable success story, one with many lessons for aspiring entrepreneurs:

When people are determined they can overcome anything

Mandela spent 27 years locked up as a political prisoner, an experience that tested his resolve to the extreme. When on his release from prison he became the first black President of South Africa- the ultimate turn-around in fortune.

The characteristics of stubbornness and determination go a long way in the context of high growth business. An unwavering belief in your ventures, and an ability to fearlessly overcome obstacles, will also give you the mental advantage. If you enter into business with thick-skinned resolve, you may have a "soft skill" competitive edge over others.

Man’s goodness is a flame that can be hidden but never extinguished

In 1988, Mandela and the African National Congress were officially considered a terrorist organisation by the US government. At his funeral last month, Obama heralded the former South African President as a “giant of history” and the last great leader of the 20th century (quite a turn-a-round from the US government’s original stance). In fact, Mandela was not taken off the US terrorist list until 2008, 15 years after earning the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.

In the competitive entrepreneurial world, it is vital to make a good impression. Setting forward a professional and business-like demeanor is a necessary skill, but be mindful of excess. An overly-guarded, impenetrable wall of business-etiquette laden behavior can appear insincere. Try to relax every now and again and allow people to get to know the person as well as the businessman. We are all at our best when we are at ease. After all, business- like politics, is about building personal bonds and leveraging those to build teams and alliances to get things done.

A good leader can engage in a debate frankly and thoroughly, knowing that at the end he and the other side must be closer, and thus emerge stronger. You don’t have that idea when you are arrogant, superficial, and uninformed

When it was announced that he would become president, Mandela invited his imprisoner to his inauguration. He also invited white opposition parties into the government. He knew that in order to achieve full democracy, all parties must be represented, putting the good of the country in front of any personal slights.

 Although it is necessary to gain the respect of work colleagues, the entrepreneur should never strive to be feared. You must have the ability to be stern in careful moderation. However, never be austere to the point of aloofness as doing so would be poor man-management. Maintaining an air of frivolity, humour, and open-mindedness creates an environment where your staff and your competition can approach you to brainstorm tactics and ideas. Great ideas, after all, don't always flow top down.

A healthy debate on a topic where your belief system is challenged will ultimately make you more self-analytical. Opposing views challenge us to find deeper meaning behind our own logic. Surrounding yourself with staff who challenge your business style and methodology will lead to personal growth, and will result in a more dynamic business. 

There is no passion to be found playing small – in settling for a life that is less than the one you are capable of living

When Mandela was released from prison in 1990, he was driven to Cape Town City Hall where he announced his ambition to win an equal vote for the black population. He then toured Africa spreading his message for a year after his release before he was elected President in the first fully-democratic election in 1994.

Success is about constantly striving for more then you already have: this is a philosophy at the core of any successful business. When starting a SME, it is important that the venture is constantly progressing, growing and evolving. Once a monumental goal is reached, one must instantly set another.

I'd like to leave you with one of my favourite Mandela quotes, one that encapsulates "leadership" in its truest form. This is one you can mull over and apply to your own life:

There are times when a leader must move ahead of his flock


Before we jump straight back on the hamster wheel after the summer holidays, we should take a deep breath to pause, look inwards, and ask some fundamental ‘life’ questions. How do we take to our day to day lives the mental clarity we felt while standing atop that Mediterranean cliff edge? To answer this question, I’ve sought inspiration from Buddhist thinking

The recent World Cup in Russia has left me inspired. But being more of a ‘business nut’ than a ‘football nut’, I can’t help but try to draw the parallels between the two. Football, like the world it exists in, can be as beautiful, or as ugly, as complex, or as simple as you want it to be. Like business, it requires strategy, grit, determination, humility, and smarts.

There’s something special about the number 100. In sports, the American football field is 100 yards long. In science, 100 degrees Celsius is the boiling temperature of water at sea level. In finance, most currencies are divided into 100 subunits.  So, when a high growth start-up I invested in five years ago increases in value by 100 times, for me, it is a special moment…and worth pausing to write about.

Entrepreneurship is a high-stakes game. Every major investment decision you make matters a great deal. Over a period of time, whether we get those decisions right or wrong can mean the difference between a trajectory of success or a downward spiral of failure.